Glasgow is a city with a population of 635,000. It is the largest city in Scotland and the fourth largest in the United Kingdom. It is situated along both sides of the river Clyde, with most commercial and administrative activities on the north bank. Its port and river access supported successful trading with the Americas and Europe in the 18th century.
With the Industrial Revolution came coal mining, iron founding, chemical manufacturing, and, especially, shipbuilding, which developed in Glasgow early in the 19th century. The decline in heavy engineering and shipbuilding in the 20th century led to much greater industry diversity including advanced engineering, aerospace, IT and software development, renewables, science, and medical technology.